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Bankman-Fried: guilty or not guilty

Bankman-Fried: guilty or not guilty


The fraud trial of the decade–or possibly this century—gets underway on Tuesday with jury selection for Sam Bankman-Fried, who faces seven charges related to the disappearance of billions of dollars of customer money from his FTX crypto exchange. There will be plenty to unpack in the coming weeks, but the most pressing question at the outset is a simple one: Why didn’t Bankman-Fried cut a deal with the Justice Department in order to reduce his potential prison time?

I recently spoke with four white collar crime experts, including three former prosecutors, for a Fortune feature on the subject. To be clear, Bankman-Fried has only been charged with the crimes and, like anyone else, is entitled to the presumption of innocence unless a jury finds otherwise. But the experts shared by view that prosecutors have a mountain of damning evidence—including testimony from his top lieutenants at FTX—to put Bankman-Fried away for a long time.

As for why the one-time boy wonder won’t cop to what he did, the white collar crime experts offered two explanations. The first is that the scope of the FTX fraud is so enormous that Bankman-Fried concluded he would be sent away for a long time even if he did plead guilty—so why not roll the dice in court? There is some logic to this given the unpredictable nature of juries. If Bankman-Fried can convince just one of the twelve jurors to buy his “I’m a nice boy who got in over his head” schtick, he can walk.

The more likely—and interesting—explanation, though, is the second one. Namely, that Bankman-Fried really does believe he did nothing wrong and that the serious charges against him have been trumped-up by venal or dim-witted prosecutors. In this view, he just needs to use his intelligence to persuade us all that the billions spent on luxury pads, sports stadiums and politicians were all part of a business strategy that went sour. And that his hedge fund’s crooked balance sheet and all his one-time friends testifying against him are just a big misunderstanding. Or as one one white collar defense attorney put it: “The really good fraudsters believe their own bullshit.”

We’ll learn more about Bankman-Fried and his motives soon enough. In the meantime, if you’re interested in the trial, be sure to follow Fortune Crypto closely in coming days. On Tuesday morning, Leo will have a curtain raiser on everything you need to know, while our other previews include a look at how Bankman-Fried’s actions stack up against other famous frauds like Elizabeth Holmes and Bernie Madoff, and an overview of the key players. More soon.

Jeff John Roberts


The SEC sued one of FTX’s accounting firms, Prager Matis, accusing it of violating auditor-independence rules in its work for dozens of crypto clients. (WSJ)

Ethereum infrastructure provider BlockNative said it will stop serving as relay operator, which is adding fresh concerns that the blockchain has become overly centralized. (Bloomberg)

In a rare show of support for Binance, influential US firms Circle and Paradigm filed a legal brief arguing the SEC overstepped its authority in pursuing the company. (Bloomberg)

Singapore‘s financial regulator awarded Coinbase a “Major Payment Institution” license, which formally bestows the right to offer a wide variety of crypto products. (The Block)

The first excerpt from Michael Lewis‘s book on Sam Bankman-Fried is out, offering juicy tidbits about Anne Wintour and Tom Brady. (Washington Post)


Michael Lewis gets the Twitter treatment:


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